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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy

Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) is a talking therapy used by clinical psychologists, psychotherapists, and counsellors, and other health care professionals. It is a way of talking about how you think about yourself, the world, and other people, and how what you do affects your thoughts and feelings.

CBT can help you to change how you think ('Cognitive') and what you do ('Behaviour'). These changes can help you to feel better. Unlike some of the other talking treatments, it focuses on the 'here and now' problems and difficulties. Instead of focusing on the causes of your distress or symptoms in the past, it looks for ways to improve your state of mind now.

CBT can help you to make sense of overwhelming problems by breaking them down into smaller parts. This makes it easier to see how they are connected and how they affect you. These parts are:

• A Situation - a problem, event or difficult situation

From this can follow:

• Thoughts

• Emotions

• Physical feelings

• Actions

Each of these areas can affect the others. How you think about a problem can affect how you feel physically and emotionally. It can also alter what you do about it. There are helpful and unhelpful ways of reacting to most situations, depending on how you think about them.

CBT has been shown to help with many different types of problems. These include: anxiety, depression, panic, phobias (including agoraphobia and social phobia), stress, bulimia, obsessive compulsive disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder, bipolar disorder, and psychosis. CBT may also help if you have difficulties with anger, a low opinion of yourself, or physical health problems, like pain or fatigue. CBT can be done individually or with a group of people.


Sourced from: Royal College of Psychiatrists, UK

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