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Solution-Focused Brief Therapy

Solution-Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) is a short-term goal-focused approach to psychotherapy and/or counselling which helps clients change by constructing solutions rather than dwelling on problems. Elements of the desired solution often are already present in the client's life, and become the basis for ongoing change. The ability to articulate what the changes will be like is often more important than understanding what led to the problem.

The approach was developed by Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg and their colleagues at the Brief Family Therapy Center in Milwaukee, USA.

SFBT recognises that understanding the details and 'cause' of a problem is often not necessary to finding a solution; more important are the client's idea of how a situation or problem should be different and what it will take to make change happen. Envisioning a clear and detailed picture of the future when things are better creates hope and expectation, and makes solutions possible. SFBT focuses on the future (and how it will be better when things change) and concentrates on the establishment and elaboration of clear goals. Goals direct the therapy process and help it remain focused and brief. SFBT also focuses on client strengths and resources, as a way of helping individuals recognise how to use their resources to bring about changes.

Sourced from: Brief Therapy Institute of Sydney

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